Rayo Sag is available in various names. Some call it Mastard Green and others have Chinese names like Gai Choy.
Chamsur and Palungo are available as Garden Cress and Spinach.
Angled Luffa Gourd – Patee Gheeraula (पाटे घीरौला)
Angled luffa is called pate-gheeraula, is also known as ridged luffa, angled gourd, or Chinese okra. It is long and narrow gourd, with sharply ribbed skin. Only the young or immature luffa is used for cooking, once mature they develop a sponge-like fibrous texture and becomes bitter.
Smooth Luffa Gourd – Gheeraula – (घीरौला)
The smooth luffa is also known as silk gourd, sponge gourd, or toriya and is an extremely popular vegetable in Nepal. It resembles a long cucumber with a smooth green skin marked by fine longitudinal lines. The young gourd is sweet with a delicate and distinctive taste.
On request of Pramod Poudel
Tama is found as Sour Bamboo Shoots or Bamboo Shoots in salt water. This is an example of a commercial product:
I have also seen raw bamboo shoots in Chinese stores. They need to be treated to make sour.
2011, September – Original post
2014, October – Update on Ghiraula
2015, October – Update with images
2018, June – Update (Whole post re-written, with updates)
2018, July – Update (Tama)
2018, August – Update (Chamsur)